Human Factors in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

Surgery is a technology related to science involving in the physical intervention of tissues. As a general rule, a procedure is considered surgical when it involves fragmenting of a patient's tissues or closure of a previously sustained wound. Despite increased awareness of Health and Safety, errors routinely continue to occur in surgical care. Disruptions in the flow of a surgery, such as teamwork and communication failures, contribute significantly to such adverse events. While it is apparent that some incidence of human error is inexorable, there is much evidence in medicine and other fields that systems can be better designed to prevent or detect errors before a patient is harmed. The complexity of factors leading to surgical errors requires collaborations between physicians  and human factors experts to carry out the proper prospective and observational studies.