Design of Tasks
Work/job design is used to estimate how tasks or the entire job is organised within the work environment, and then ensure these are well-matched to the attributes of the employee. While both terms, job design and work(place) design are used interchangeably, job design has a focus on those administrative changes that are required to improve working conditions, with work design having a more pragmatic approach and confronting those adjustments that may be required to workstations, tools, and body positions to allow the worker to function more effectively . A well-designed job could result in more engaged, healthy and productive employees, and these outcomes would benefit both employees and organisations. A properly designed job assures that the worker is able to accomplish what is required in a safe and healthy fashion, and thereby reduce physical and psychological strain.