Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, embracing all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience as well as thought behaviors. Poor workstation designs can lead to increased cycle times, low quality of work, as well as exposure to high forces and awkward postures, thereby increasing the amount of psychological stress placed on an individual at work. Stress can also arise from the poor design of controls and displays that make it difficult for the operator to interpret information. Increased stress can directly influence a worker’s behavior. Studies have shown that prolonged stress can lead to a decrease in cognitive function and human performance.


  • Track 1-1 Dissociative disorders
  • Track 1-2 Addictive disorders
  • Track 1-3 Neuro developmental disorders
  • Track 1-4 Neuro cognitive disorders
  • Track 1-5 Bipolar disorders
  • Track 1-6 Trauma and Stress
  • Track 1-7 Somatic symptom
  • Track 1-8 Anxiety disorders
  • Track 1-9 Work bench Manufacturers


MSDs are the single largest category of workplace injuries and are responsible for almost 30% of all workers. Repetitive movements are especially hazardous when they involve the same joints and muscle groups over and over and when we do the same motion too often, quickly and for too long. Tasks requiring repetitive movements always involve other risk factors for MSD such as fixed body position and force; the worker, in order to perform the task, has to sustain the shoulder and neck in an erect position to exert some force.


  • Track 2-1 Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Track 2-2 Tendinitis
  • Track 2-3 Ruptured / Herniated Disc
  • Track 2-4 Digital Neuritis
  • Track 2-5Radial Tunnel Syndrome
  • Track 2-6 Ligament Sprain
  • Track 2-7 Muscle strains and low back injuries
  • Track 2-8 Trigger finger
  • Track 2-9 Epicondylitis (affects the elbow)
  • Track 2-10 Rotator cuff injuries (affects the shoulder)


Visual discomforts are frequent complaints of computer workers. Eyestrain and headaches blurred vision are the most common problems that were reported. It can also occur when your eyes start to feel tired, they may go slightly blurred, and they often get dry and itchy. Other problems include double vision, burning and dry eyes, eye fatigue, and light sensitivity. Neck shoulder and back pain can also be related to viewing the computer keyboard and/or screen. The American Optometric Association has designated this complex of problems as computer vision syndrome (CVS).

Lighting and vision are inter-dependent. Workplace lighting and visual ability both play a significant role in work posture. Workers alter postures to get relieved from stress on the eyes. Complaints of neck, shoulder and back pain can frequently be alleviated if visual ergonomics are identified.


  • Track 3-1 Visual fatigue
  • Track 3-2 Blurred or double vision
  • Track 3-3 Burning and watering eyes
  • Track 3-4 Headaches and frequent changes in prescription glasses
  • Track 3-5 Computer vision syndrome (CVS)


Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of biological systems such as humans, animals, plants, organs, fungi, and cells by the method of mechanics. Biomechanics is closely related to engineering, because it frequently uses traditional engineering sciences to analyze biological systems. Some simple applications of Newtonian mechanics and materials sciences can supply correct approximations to the mechanics of many biological systems. Applied mechanics, mostly mechanical engineering disciplines such as continuum mechanics, structural analysis, kinematics, mechanism analysis, and   dynamics play prominent roles in the study of biomechanics.Usually biological systems are more complicated than man-built systems. Numerical methods are hence implemented in almost every biomechanical study. Research is done in an iterative process of hypothesis and verification, including several steps of modelling, computer simulation and experimental measurements.


  • Track 4-1 Sports Biomechanics
  • Track 4-2 Continuum Biomechanics
  • Track 4-3 Comparative biomechanics
  • Track 4-4 Bio fluid mechanics
  • Track 4-5 Bio tribology
  • Track 4-6Computational biomechanics

Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics (HFEE) is concerned with ways of designing jobs, machines, operations, and work environments so that they are compatible with human capacities and limitations. The HFEE practitioner, operating within an industrial or governmental organization, is called upon  to apply existing human performance knowledge to the design and modification  of equipment and also to generate new experimental data required for equipment design. This course work is supplemented by research opportunities in a variety of human factors engineering and ergonomic application areas including auditory communication, computer displays, industrial safety, training, and transportation systems. Emphasis is placed upon particular content area courses, elective courses in the student’s area of interest, and laboratory research under the direct guidance of an HFEE faculty member.


  • Track 5-1Product Designing
  • Track 5-2 Tools Scheming
  • Track 5-3 Management Engineering
  • Track 5-4 Vacuum Deposition Technology

Organizational ergonomics is concerned with the optimization of socio-technical systems, including their organizational structures, policies, and processes. It is important that you protect your most valued resource from the silent pervasive elements that, with overexposure, can cause real and irreversible harm. A well-designed job could result in more engaged, healthy and productive employees, and these outcomes would benefit both employees and organizations.  A properly designed job assures that the worker is able to accomplish what is required in a safe and healthy fashion, and thereby reduce physical and psychological strain.


  • Track 6-1 Industrial Hygiene
  • Track 6-2 Design of Tasks
  • Track 6-3 Workstation layout
  • Track 6-4 Awkward and uncomfortable postures
  • Track 6-5 Organizing the work
  • Track 6-6 Chemical hazards
  • Track 6-7 Blood borne pathogens

Human prospective and limitations are always present in flight operations. Thus, the knowledge that Human Factors provide, has applications in the management of different aeronautical issues. All staff in any civil aviation organization should have at least a general knowledge of Human Factors so that they are more aware of human’s presentation, capabilities and constraints. This level of knowledge also helps employees understand any bulletins on Human Factors issues distributed by the organization. Human Factors consultants are handy resources when they are highly enlightened on Human Factors through education and experience. Consultants also provide advice free from internal organizational pressure and can provide solutions to specific problems that may have already been encountered elsewhere.


  • Track 7-1 Flight documentation
  • Track 7-2 Cabin design
  • Track 7-3 Operational training and evaluation
  • Track 7-4 Visual performance and collision avoidance
  • Track 7-5 System effectiveness
  • Track 7-6 Well-being of crew members

Agriculture is generally recognized as the nation’s most hazardous industry and displays high rates of musculoskeletal disorders with evidence to suggest that ergonomic risk factors are involved; there is antiquity of application on ergonomic approaches in agricultural workplaces.

Review of reported occupational injuries shows that sprains and strains predominate as major types of injury, accounting for 43% of all reported agricultural occupational injuries. Back injuries are generally acknowledged by agricultural employers and workers’ compensation insurers as a significant problem from the perspectives of both incidence and cost. 


  • Track 8-1 Repetitive hand tasks
  • Track 8-2 Slips and falls
  • Track 8-3 Lifting/carrying
  • Track 8-4 Shipping; labeling
  • Track 8-5 Field Pruning

Physical ergonomics is about the human body's responses to physical and physiological work prospects. Strain injuries from repetition, vibration, force, and posture are the most common types of issues, and thus have design implications Changes in occupational activities are associated with a gradual replacement of jobs that require much dynamic effort by those that involve static and mental efforts. Classic occupational physiology dealing with systemic changes occurring during a dynamic effort is largely superseded by biochemical and electrophysiological studies of changes in cellular physiology evoked by static effort and changes that accompany mental overload and stress.


  • Track 9-1 Gender & Work
  • Track 9-2 Aging
  • Track 9-3 Exercise Physiology
  • Track 9-4 Applied physiology
  • Track 9-5 Cyto Architecture

Auditory displays can be defined broadly as instances whereby sound conveys information to a user interacting with a system. Audio output and feedback have become a ubiquitous element in human-machine systems as a result in part of engineering improvements in sound delivery capability. Technological advances in electrical systems, and especially in digital computing technologies, however, have made the implementation of a nearly limitless library of high-fidelity sounds possible and indeed pervasive in a vast array of everyday devices.


  • Track 10-1 Auditory warnings and displays
  • Track 10-2 Sonification
  • Track 10-3 Noise
  • Track 10-4 Automatic speech recognition and voice input devices
  • Track 10-5Multimodal displays

Surgery is one of the medical domains with high physical and mental demands and involves a series or risks for the surgeon. This is all the more important that surgery, including orthopedics, is developing and strives to change the operating techniques to minimally invasive what increases the negative impact on the health, comfort and quality of life of surgeons. The physical and cognitive essentials during surgery pose substantial ergonomic stress. The intraoperative surgical workplace is affected by stressing environmental factors and, additionally, surgeons have to perform high-force as well as high-precision tasks in combination with multimodal information processing. This leads to increased stress and strain, resulting in muscle overload, fatigue of surgeons and higher risk for human error and for inefficiencies in operations, causing that surgeons suffer from severe musculoskeletal disorders with progressing working life. Another factor affecting working conditions and surgeons’ effectiveness is workflow and surgical team cooperation. Taking these all aspects into consideration, the recommended solution is to redesign surgical processes in order to improve efficiency, safety, and comfort for the operating team, while reducing physical strains on surgeons.


  • Track 11-1 Body Posture
  • Track 11-2 Surgical Instruments
  • Track 11-3 Operating Lay out
  • Track 11-4 Work Flow
  • Track 11-5 Cooperation in surgical team
  • Track 11-6 Physical & Mental overload of surgeons
  • Track 11-7 Time Extension of Treatment

Occupational health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on primary prevention of dangers.  Health has been defined as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or disability". Otolaryngology is a science of medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck. Occupational health and Otolaryngology should aim at: the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the protection of employees in their work from risks prevents adverse effects to health; the placing and maintenance of workers in an occupational and healthy environment results in  physiological and psychological capabilities.


  • Track 12-1 Effect of atmospheric pressure
  • Track 12-2 Effect of noise on cochlear hair cells
  • Track 12-3 Tinnitus induced by noise
  • Track 12-4 Vertigo induced by Aeronautics
  • Track 12-5 Allergic rhinitis induced by occupational factors
  • Track 12-6 Vocal problems

Obesity, which oppress a third of all people in the world, has consequences in the workplace, though normally not seen in epidemic proportions among workers, it is no longer unusual. Obese employees need some special ergonomic needs. Furniture and equipment designed for these workers, biomechanics help offset the difficulties they face in performing routine office tasks. For obese people with office jobs, discomfort is a common complaint. Surveys of many working employees shows that obese workers experience substantially more work-related discomfiture than individuals of normal average weight. This increases according to the level of obesity. Their exposure to ergonomic risk follows a similar pattern.


  • Track 13-1 High-risk Activities
  • Track 13-2 Sitting-Lower Back
  • Track 13-3 Over Eating at Work Stations
  • Track 13-4 Ideal Postures

Age is the most analyzed risk factor. Living habits like smoking and drinking are observed to be significantly associated with injury events.  Obesity has a higher overall risk of occupational injury.  Small and Medium-scale Enterprises showed that poor nocturnal sleep habit was related to a significantly higher prevalence of risk. Education has also been found to have a confederation with occupational injury, such that no formal education was associated with markedly high risks. The commonest job-related factors found by the researchers are: work type, workplace, work duration, length of shift work experience, job burnout and job dissatisfaction.  


  • Track 14-1 Poor work practices
  • Track 14-2 Poor rest and recovery
  • Track 14-3 Poor nutrition, fitness and hydration
  • Track 14-4 Poor overall health habits

Anthropometry is the branch of the human science that deals with  the physical measurement of the human body, particularly size and shape. Ergonomics is the science of work of the people, who do it and the way it is done; the tools and equipment they use, the places they work in, and the psychological aspects of the working environment. In a simplified way it can be explained as the adaptation of work to man.. One application of anthropometrical measurement in ergonomics is the design of working space and the development of industrialized products such as furnishing, cars, tools, work stations, chairs etc. A well-developed tool will perform better in a worker’s hand without harming his bodily structures.


  • Track 15-1 Auxologic
  • Track 15-2 Aesthetic
  • Track 15-3 3D Body Scanners
  • Track 15-4Baropodographic
  • Track 15-5 Neuro imaging

Physical therapy attempts to mark the sickness, or injuries that limit a person's abilities to move and perform functional activities in their daily lives. Modern day workplaces can be challenging, health and safety in the workplace is of paramount importance. It is well identified that work is important for physical health, mental health and well-being and a healthy and productive workforce is good for business. There has never been a time when the role of the occupational health physiotherapist in the workplace has been so vital. Workers with musculoskeletal disorders account for 49 per cent of sickness absence. Physiotherapists are extremely well placed to provide a vital role in supporting employees. Rapid physiotherapy interventions at the place of work with clinicians who understand and have direct access to workplace environments have been developed.


  • Track 16-1 Exercise therapy
  • Track 16-2 Joint Mobilization and Manipulation
  • Track 16-3 Manual Traction
  • Track 16-4 Electrotherapy
  • Track 16-5 Acupuncture
  • Track 16-6 Deep Transverse Frictions
  • Track 16-7 Myofascial Release
  • Track 16-8 Taping