Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

MSDs are the single largest category of workplace injuries and are responsible for almost 30% of all workers. Repetitive movements are especially hazardous when they involve the same joints and muscle groups over and over and when we do the same motion too often, quickly and for too long. Tasks requiring repetitive movements always involve other risk factors for MSD such as fixed body position and force; the worker, in order to perform the task, has to sustain the shoulder and neck in an erect position to exert some force.

  • Track 1-1 Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Track 1-2 Tendinitis
  • Track 1-3 Ruptured / Herniated Disc
  • Track 1-4 Digital Neuritis
  • Track 1-5 Radial Tunnel Syndrome
  • Track 1-6 Ligament Sprain
  • Track 1-7 De Quervain’s disease
  • Track 1-8 Muscle strains and low back injuries
  • Track 1-9 Trigger finger
  • Track 1-10 Epicondylitis (affects the elbow)
  • Track 1-11 Rotator cuff injuries (affects the shoulder)

Visual discomforts are frequent complaints of computer workers. Eyestrain and headaches blurred vision are the most common problems that were reported. It can also occur when your eyes start to feel tired, they may go slightly blurred, and they often get dry and itchy. Other problems include double vision, burning and dry eyes, eye fatigue, and light sensitivity. Neck shoulder and back pain can also be related to viewing the computer keyboard and/or screen. The American Optometric Association has designated this complex of problems as computer vision syndrome (CVS). 

Lighting and vision are inter-dependent. Workplace lighting and visual ability both play a significant role in work posture. Workers alter postures to get relieved from stress on the eyes. Complaints of neck, shoulder and back pain can frequently be alleviated if visual ergonomics are identified. 

  • Track 2-1 Visual fatigue
  • Track 2-2 Blurred or double vision
  • Track 2-3 Burning and watering eyes
  • Track 2-4 Headaches and frequent changes in prescription glasses
  • Track 2-5Computer vision syndrome (CVS)

Age is the most analysed risk factor. Living habits like smoking and drinking are observed to be significantly associated with injury events.  Obesity has a higher overall risk of occupational injury.  Small and Medium-scale Enterprises showed that poor nocturnal sleep habit was related to a significantly higher prevalence of risk. Education has also been found to have a confederation with occupational injury, such that no formal education was associated with markedly high risks. The commonest job-related factors found by the researchers are: work type, workplace, work duration, length of shift work experience, job burnout and job dissatisfaction.   

  • Track 3-1 Poor work practices
  • Track 3-2 Poor rest and recovery
  • Track 3-3 Poor nutrition, fitness and hydration
  • Track 3-4 Poor overall health habits

Raynaud's syndrome is characterized by damage to the blood vessels resulting in constriction of blood flow to the affected areas of the body. This obstruction limits the delivery of oxygen to those body parts and over time results in muscle and tissue damage. While the infirmity may affect a person's nose and ears, it most often strikes the hands and feet. The prolonged and persistent exposure to vibrations during work can be a factor in the development of the syndrome. The name white finger was given to this syndrome due to the ashen appearance of the fingers of someone who has this disorder. Usually, the body conserves heat by reducing blood circulation to the extremities, particularly the hands and feet. In people with Raynaud's syndrome, this control system becomes too sensitive to cold and greatly reduces blood flow in the fingers and toes. Left untreated, Raynaud's syndrome will finally result in the loss of control and sensation in the affected extremities.

  • Track 4-1 Cold fingers or toes
  • Track 4-2 Tingling and slight loss of feeling
  • Track 4-3 Blanching or whitening of the fingers
  • Track 4-4 Numb, prickly feeling or stinging pain
  • Track 4-5 Colour changes in the skin

Industrial Hygiene is the science of protecting and emphasizing the health and safety of people at work and in their communities. It is important that you protect your most valued resource from the silent pervasive elements that, with overexposure, can cause real and irreversible harm. This is commonly referred to as occupational health or industrial hygiene. It is the science and art of anticipating, recognizing, evaluating, and controlling the environmental factors or stressors arising in or from the workplace which cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, or significant discomfort among workers.

  • Track 5-1 Chemical hazards
  • Track 5-2 Noise
  • Track 5-3 Blood borne pathogens
  • Track 5-4 Indoor air quality factors
  • Track 5-5 Incorrect work stations

Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, embracing all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience as well as thought behaviours. Poor workstation designs can lead to increased cycle times, low quality of work, as well as exposure to high forces and awkward postures, thereby increasing the amount of psychological stress placed on an individual at work. Stress can also arise from the poor design of controls and displays that make it difficult for the operator to interpret information. Increased stress can directly influence a worker’s behaviour. Studies have shown that prolonged stress can lead to a decrease in cognitive function and human performance. 

  • Track 6-1 Dissociative disorders
  • Track 6-2 Addictive disorders
  • Track 6-3 Neuro developmental disorders
  • Track 6-4 Neuro cognitive disorders
  • Track 6-5 Bipolar diorders
  • Track 6-6 Trauma and Stress
  • Track 6-7 Somatic symptom
  • Track 6-8 Anxiety disorders

Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of biological systems such as humans, animals, plants, organs, fungi, and cells by the method of mechanics. Biomechanics is closely related to engineering, because it frequently uses traditional engineering sciences to analyze biological systems. Some simple applications of Newtonian mechanics and materials sciences can supply correct approximations to the mechanics of many biological systems. Applied mechanics, mostly mechanical engineering disciplines such as continuum mechanics, structural analysis, kinematics, mechanism analysis, and   dynamics play prominent roles in the study of biomechanics.Usually biological systems are more complicated than man-built systems. Numerical methods are hence implemented in almost every biomechanical study. Research is done in an iterative process of hypothesis and verification, including several steps of modelling, computer simulation and experimental measurements.

  • Track 7-1Sports Biomechanics
  • Track 7-2Continuum Biomechanics
  • Track 7-3 Comparative biomechanics
  • Track 7-4Bio fluid mechanics
  • Track 7-5Biotribology
  • Track 7-6Computational biomechanics

Physical ergonomics is about the human body's responses to physical and physiological work prospects. Strain injuries from repetition, vibration, force, and posture are the most common types of issues, and thus have design implications Changes in occupational activities are associated with a gradual replacement of jobs that require much dynamic effort by those that involve static and mental efforts. Classic occupational physiology dealing with systemic changes occurring during a dynamic effort is largely superseded by biochemical and electrophysiological studies of changes in cellular physiology evoked by static effort and changes that accompany mental overload and stress.

  • Track 8-1 Cell Physiology
  • Track 8-2Applied physiology
  • Track 8-3Cybernetics
  • Track 8-4 Cyto Architecture
  • Track 8-5 Physiome
  • Track 8-6 Neuro Physiology
  • Track 8-7 Exercise Physiology

Anthropometry is the branch of the human science that deals with  the physical measurement of the human body, particularly size and shape. Ergonomics is the science of work of the people, who do it and the way it is done; the tools and equipments they use, the places they work in, and the psychological aspects of the working environment. In a simpliï¬Âed way  it can be explained as the adaptation of work to man.. One application of anthropometrical measurement in ergonomics is the design of working space and the development of industrialized products such as furnishing, cars, tools, work stations, chairs etc. With recent advances in technology, the precision and automation of measurement techniques will increase, improving deï¬Ânition of human size, and the mechanics of workspaces, clothing and equipment. A well-developed tool will perform better in a worker’s hand without harming his bodily structures.

  • Track 9-1 Auxologic
  • Track 9-2 Aesthetic
  • Track 9-3 3D Body Scanners
  • Track 9-4 Baropodographic
  • Track 9-5 Neuro imaging

Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics (HFEE) is concerned with ways of designing jobs, machines, operations, and work environments so that they are compatible with human capacities and limitations. The HFEE practitioner, operating within an industrial or governmental organization, is called upon  to apply existing human performance knowledge to the design and modification  of equipment and also to generate new experimental data required for equipment design. This course work is supplemented by research opportunities in a variety of human factors engineering and ergonomic application areas including auditory communication, computer displays, industrial safety, training, and transportation systems. Emphasis is placed upon particular content area courses, elective courses in the student’s area of interest, and laboratory research under the direct guidance of an HFEE faculty member.

  • Track 10-1 Product Designing
  • Track 10-2 Tools Scheming
  • Track 10-3 Work bench Manufacturers
  • Track 10-4 Management Engineering
  • Track 10-5 Vaccum Deposition Technology

Kinesiology is the scientific study of human and non-human body movements. Kinesiology deals with the physiological, biomechanical, and psychological mechanisms of movement. Applications of kinesiology to human health i.e., human kinesiology include biomechanics and orthopaedics; strength and conditioning; sport psychology; methods of rehabilitation, such as physical and occupational therapy; sports and exercise. Studies of human and animal motion include measures from motion tracking systems, electrophysiology of muscle and brain activity, various methods for monitoring physiological function, and other behavioural and cognitive research techniques. Kinesiologists work in industry to assess the suitability of workstation designs and provide suggestions for modifications and assistive devices.

  • Track 11-1 Neuroplasticity
  • Track 11-2 Motor Redundancy
  • Track 11-3 Adaptation through exercises

The Social Environment of any organization is heavily influenced by the levels of gratification experienced by individuals. People who are depressed at their jobs may still make an effort to reach others well, but frequently become sullen, uncooperative and counterproductive. When job dissatisfaction leads to poor interpersonal relationships, those relationships can then contribute to a poor working environment, creating a downhill spiral in the social environment. Cooperation in the job helps to create a supportive social environment. When people work together on projects rather than competing, they learn that their best interests are shared together, and that what benefits their co-employees also benefits them. Office politics are notorious for undermining a healthy social environment. Diplomatic issues can range from gender relations to religion to race to actual politics, such as co-workers who become excessively adamant about supporting different political parties. When conflict does erupt, it has a major effect on the social environment of an organization. Ongoing conflicts between one or more people can disrupt the work of everyone around them and lead to decreased productivity, lowered job satisfaction and damaged morale.

  • Track 12-1 Teamwork and team structure
  • Track 12-2 Supervision and leadership
  • Track 12-3 Supportive management
  • Track 12-4 Communications
  • Track 12-5 Resources

Work/job design is used to estimate how tasks or the entire job is organised within the work environment, and then ensure these are well-matched to the attributes of the employee. While both terms, job design and work(place) design are used interchangeably, job design has a focus on those administrative changes that are required to improve working conditions, with work design having a more pragmatic approach and confronting those adjustments that may be required to workstations, tools, and body positions to allow the worker to function more effectively . A well-designed job could result in more engaged, healthy and productive employees, and these outcomes would benefit both employees and organisations.  A properly designed job assures that the worker is able to accomplish what is required in a safe and healthy fashion, and thereby reduce physical and psychological strain.

  • Track 13-1 Work demands are too high or too low
  • Track 13-2 Badly designed machinery guards
  • Track 13-3 Organising the work

Maximum flexibility in office workstation areas is achieved through the use of universal workstation sizes and shapes, configured in varying open plan groups to suit teams and tasks.  Office workstation layouts should be modular, with the extent number of variations possible to facilitate future rearrangement if necessary. Choose the workstation size according to the functions performed by the user rather than job classification or status. Generally a combination of paper and computer based tasks will require more space than computer based tasks only. Workstation systems, as with all office and business furniture, should consist of components that can be reconfigured and reused without requiring multiple trades to disconnect and reconnect systems. Workstations and desks made up of separable free-standing components are preferable to integrated and custom-built office furniture that restricts re-configuration.

  • Track 14-1 Items that are used regularly are out of convenient reach
  • Track 14-2 Deficient space under work surface for legs
  • Track 14-3 Awkward and uncomfortable postures
  • Track 14-4 Conflicting demands
  • Track 14-5 Lighting inadequate causing eyestrain
  • Track 14-6 Chair not properly adjusted

Surgery is one of the medical domains with high physical and mental demands and involves a series or risks for the surgeon. This is all the more important that surgery, including orthopedics, is developing and strives to change the operating techniques to minimally invasive what increases the negative impact on the health, comfort and quality of life of surgeons. The physical and cognitive essentials during surgery pose substantial ergonomic stress. The intraoperative surgical workplace is affected by stressing environmental factors and, additionally, surgeons have to perform high-force as well as high-precision tasks in combination with multimodal information processing. This leads to increased stress and strain, resulting in muscle overload, fatigue of surgeons and higher risk for human error and for inefficiencies in operations, causing that surgeons suffer from severe musculoskeletal disorders with progressing working life. Another factor affecting working conditions and surgeons’ effectiveness is workflow and surgical team cooperation. Taking these all aspects into consideration, the recommended solution is to redesign surgical processes in order to improve efficiency, safety, and comfort for the operating team, while reducing physical strains on surgeons. 

  • Track 15-1Body Posture
  • Track 15-2Surgical Instruments
  • Track 15-3Operating Lay out
  • Track 15-4Work Flow
  • Track 15-5Cooperation in surgical team
  • Track 15-6Physical & Mental overload of surgeons
  • Track 15-7Time Extension of Treatment

Obesity, which oppress a third of all people in the world, has consequences in the workplace, though normally not seen in epidemic proportions among workers, it is no longer unusual. Obese employees need some special ergonomic needs. Furniture and equipment designed for these workers, biomechanics help offset the difficulties they face in performing routine office tasks. For obese people with office jobs, discomfort is a common complaint. Surveys of many working employees shows that obese workers experience substantially more work-related discomfiture than individuals of normal average weight. This increases according to the level of obesity. Their exposure to ergonomic risk follows a similar pattern.

  • Track 16-1High-risk Activities
  • Track 16-2Sitting-Lower Back
  • Track 16-3Over Eating at Work Stations
  • Track 16-4Ideal Postures

Physical therapy attempts to mark the sickness, or injuries that limit a person's abilities to move and perform functional activities in their daily lives. Modern day workplaces can be challenging, health and safety in the workplace is of paramount importance. It is well identified that work is important for physical health, mental health and well-being and a healthy and productive workforce is good for business. There has never been a time when the role of the occupational health physiotherapist in the workplace has been so vital. Workers with musculoskeletal disorders account for 49 per cent of sickness absence. Physiotherapists are extremely well placed to provide a vital role in supporting employees. Rapid physiotherapy interventions at the place of work with clinicians who understand and have direct access to workplace environments have been developed.

  • Track 17-1Exercise therapy
  • Track 17-2Joint Mobilization and Manipulation
  • Track 17-3Manual Traction
  • Track 17-4Electrotherapy
  • Track 17-5Acupuncture
  • Track 17-6Deep Transverse Frictions
  • Track 17-7Myofascial Release
  • Track 17-8Taping

Occupational health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on primary prevention of dangers.  Health has been defined as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or disability". Otolaryngology is a science of medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck. Occupational health and Otolaryngology should aim at: the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the protection of employees in their work from risks prevents adverse effects to health; the placing and maintenance of workers in an occupational and healthy environment results in  physiological and psychological capabilities.

  • Track 18-1Effect of atmospheric pressure
  • Track 18-2Effect of noise on cochlear hair cells
  • Track 18-3Tinnitus induced by noise
  • Track 18-4Vertigo induced by Aeronautics
  • Track 18-5Allergic rhinitis induced by occupational factors
  • Track 18-6Vocal problems

Surgery is a technology related to science involving in the physical intervention of tissues. As a general rule, a procedure is considered surgical when it involves fragmenting of a patient's tissues or closure of a previously sustained wound. Despite increased awareness of Health and Safety, errors routinely continue to occur in surgical care. Disruptions in the flow of a surgery, such as teamwork and communication failures, contribute significantly to such adverse events. While it is apparent that some incidence of human error is inexorable, there is much evidence in medicine and other fields that systems can be better designed to prevent or detect errors before a patient is harmed. The complexity of factors leading to surgical errors requires collaborations between physicians  and human factors experts to carry out the proper prospective and observational studies.

  • Track 19-1Human Factors in hearing level tests
  • Track 19-2Human Factors in middle ear surgeries
  • Track 19-3Human Factors in lateral skull base surgeries
  • Track 19-4Human Factors in Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgeries
  • Track 19-5Human Factors in head and neck surgeries